The seven sacraments are a gift from God, instituted by Christ during his ministry on earth to bring grace to us at all stages of our Christian life.
The liturgical life of the Catholic Church revolves around the Eucharistic sacrifice and the sacraments.
There are seven sacraments in the Church:
Penance or Reconciliation
Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony, and Holy Orders.
The purpose of the sacraments is to make people holy, to build up the body of Christ, and finally, to give worship to God; but being signs, they also have a teaching function. They not only presuppose faith, but by words and object, they also nourish, strengthen, and express it; that is why they are called "sacraments of faith." The sacraments impart grace, but, in addition, the very act of celebrating them disposes the faithful most effectively to receive this grace in a fruitful manner, to worship God rightly, and to practice charity.
Worship is integral to our lives as Christians. When we engage in the prayer and ritual of the Church, we are formed as Church. Our sacramental rites are of primary importance while we are gathered.
Although it is not a sacrament, Christian Burial will be addressed in this section.
Sacraments of Christian Initiation
The sacraments of Christian Initiation lay the foundations of every Christian life. The faithful are born anew by Baptism, strengthened through Confirmation, and receive spiritual nourishment through the Eucharist.
Sacraments of Healing
Despite the new life, strength and continual nourishment received through the sacraments of Christian Initiation, we can be weakened and even lost by sin. The sacraments of Healing restore our body and soul.
Annointing of the Sick
Sacraments of Vocation
The sacraments of Christian Initiation and Healing are directed toward God and self. The sacraments of Vocation are directed toward God and others.
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